Prevention of cerebral stroke in women and men


Stroke previously struck people aged 60 years, but today the disease is much younger. Such a diagnosis is made in relatively young patients who are barely 30 years old.

The main causes of this disease are improper lifestyle, regular stress, fatigue and general exhaustion. The first signs of a stroke are severe headaches, fatigue, and arterial pressure disorders. But many do not pay attention to them, which leads to poor health, the development of dangerous complications.

To prevent stroke, you must begin to monitor the state of health from a young age. This applies not only to go to the doctor at the first sign of a problem, but also to comply with remedial measures, giving up bad habits. Detection of the first symptoms makes it possible to start stroke therapy on time, prevent cerebral hemorrhage and maintain health.

The main cause of the disease in women is a violation of the general blood supply to the brain tissue, against which the cells begin to die. This phenomenon is accompanied by focal and general neurological symptoms. After a stroke, the patient also has numerous disorders, including paralysis, paresis, vestibular and speech disorders, problems with social adaptation. To eliminate or reduce the negative effects of such violations requires a whole range of measures against stroke, including drug prevention of complications.

Stroke therapy can be prescribed only after a series of diagnostic measures. This is magnetic resonance and computed tomography, Holter pressure monitoring. Risk factors for morbidity such as metabolic, behavioral and inducing should be excluded. Metabolic factors include:

diabetes at any stage;
arterial hypertension (brain stroke develops against the background of this syndrome);
dyslipidemia, that is, a violation of the number of lipids of different density;
metabolic disorders;
bleeding disorders.
Stroke causative factors are a genetic (hereditary) propensity for disease. Therefore, it is desirable from a young age to pay more attention to their health. It is necessary to avoid stress, overwork, eliminate bad habits.

The behavioral factors of a stroke that can cause illness include:

obesity (the incidence is high, especially against the background of diabetes);
smoking;
alcohol abuse;
abuse of certain drugs, such as oral contraceptives;
depression, frequent stress, chronic fatigue (statistically diagnosed at a young age with such disorders);
hypodynamia;
eating foods high in cholesterol, animal fats;
eating disorders.
Methods to eliminate these factors, along with taking a number of medications, are at the heart of stroke prevention. But it is necessary to begin, as soon as possible, at the first sign of visiting a doctor. This will make it possible to avoid serious complications.

How to prevent a stroke before it's too late
To prevent a brain stroke, you must first understand the mechanism and characteristics of the development of the pathology, the cause, the main symptoms of the disease. Hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes are the most common types of problems. In the case of the ischemic form, the vessel clogs with a blood clot, while the clot gradually moves towards the brain. The main cause of a stroke is an increase in the amount of fatty plaques in the blood, that is, atherosclerosis develops.

In hemorrhagic stroke, cerebral hemorrhage is observed, the cause of which is the weakness of the vascular walls. At rupture, the blood gets into the tissues, serious damage is observed. Micro stroke is a condition in which the violation takes only a couple of seconds, a temporary blockage of blood vessels as a result of a spasm becomes a stimulator of this phenomenon.

The main symptoms of an impending vessel problem are the following symptoms:

feeling of loss of balance;
loss of consciousness;
visual impairment, its complete absence in one eye or temporary defocusing;
numbness in one side of the body;
speech impairment or its complete loss;
dizziness;
frequent headaches;
general weakness.
At the first signs of a stroke, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe a series of examinations. Based on their results, the type of therapy, medication, is selected, the need for surgery is determined. If the diagnosis is “vascular damage”, the doctor prescribes additional studies, prescribes therapy, corresponding to the general condition of the patient, identified violations.

This condition can be avoided if we start implementing a number of measures in time, including therapy. This applies to such simple activities as proper nutrition, increasing physical activity, eliminating bad habits. You should avoid stress, nervous shocks and overwork, more to be in the fresh air. A visit to the doctor cannot be postponed, it is recommended to regularly visit him for an examination, and to strictly observe all appointments. It is very important to determine the exact cause of the crisis, to exclude it.

To prevent the development of stroke, it is also necessary to take into account the main factors of its development. Hypertensive disease, atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, pathology of cerebral vessels, malignant hypertension are most often noted. Doctors prescribe primary and secondary prevention in the following main areas:

identification of primary arterial hypertension or hypertension, timely prevention of the disease;
prevention of ischemic stroke, treatment of vascular pathologies, heart disease;
elimination of cerebral circulatory disorders, this is especially important for patients with transient ischemic attacks, after surgical intervention;
exclusion of primary disorders of stroke, cerebral circulation;
elimination of metabolic disorders for patients suffering from ischemic heart disease, vascular pathologies, arterial lesions.
Such measures help prevent stroke, eliminate the development of serious complications and pathologies. Activities can include taking a number of medicines, treatment of the root causes of pathology, improving the quality of life.

Preparations for the prevention of stroke
Most often, hemorrhage develops against the background of ongoing changes in the walls of blood vessels, which is accompanied by increased blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmias, and heart valve pathologies. For this reason, after the diagnosis, different types of drugs are prescribed to eliminate the root cause. Also, therapy includes the elimination of infectious and inflammatory processes, diseases of a number of internal organs.

All actions were clear and fast, at the first signs should consult a doctor and diagnose, start therapy. The main directions of treatment of brain damage are the normalization of the functions of the respiratory, cardiovascular systems, reduction of swelling. But the exact combination of drugs depends on the general condition of the body and the root cause of the disease. If the patient is in an unconscious state or his condition is inadequate, emergency hospitalization with the administration of medications by drip or jet is indicated.

To prevent deterioration in the formation of plaques in the vessels, prescribed statins. These types of drugs reduce overall lipid levels, eliminate cholesterol deposits and reduce the number of plaques in the vessels. This reduces the risk of ischemic stroke, makes it possible to control the level of pressure. At the same time prescribed drugs such as:

calcium channel blockers;
ACE inhibitors;
diuretics;
angiotensin II receptor blockers.
Most often, the pathology develops in women aged 18-40 years. This is due to the long-term use of oral contraceptives, stress and overwork, pathological pregnancy, hormonal system disorders. In men, ischemic stroke is less frequently diagnosed, most often it is associated with overwork or frequent stress, diseases of the cardiovascular system. A stroke can also develop against the background of progressive vascular pathology, spasms, which are accompanied by prolonged, severe headaches.

Disease prevention usually involves the following methods:

complete rejection of bad habits, including alcohol, smoking, coffee abuse;
control of blood pressure level (if necessary, antihypertensive drugs should be taken) prescribed by a doctor;
proper nutrition;
from stroke effective right lifestyle, increasing the level of physical activity, walking;
therapy of hormonal disorders, elimination of the causes that caused them;
consultation with the endocrinologist, selection of other contraceptives with lower hormone levels.
Secondary prevention is a set of preventive measures. They are aimed at eliminating the causes of circulatory disorders, eliminating the negative consequences of such pathology. To prevent a stroke, you must comply with all the recommendations of the doctor, in time to take prescribed medication. In addition to drug therapy, alternative methods may be prescribed, including diet and physical therapy.

Most often, in the framework of treatment and prevention of hemorrhage, these drugs are prescribed:

antihypertensives;
the appointment of drugs against the formation of blood clots, including antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants and others.
To prevent a heart attack, ticlopidine, dipyridamole, clopidogrel, aspirin can be prescribed. Funds for antihypertensive therapy are selected individually, in some cases, carotid endatectomy is performed, that is, surgery. The anticoagulant group consists of heparin, nadroparin, daltoparin and others. The basis of the prohibition of medication are diseases of the liver and kidneys.

How else can you deal with a stroke?
Stroke is caused by various factors. The following are not controlled:

genetic factor;
age (older people are diagnosed more often);
gender (according to statistics, most often stroke affects men).
The controlled factors for stroke hemorrhage include:

hypertension (an increase in pressure of 160/90 mmHg increases the probability by 4 times, from 200/110 mmHg - 10 times);
the incidence is higher in patients suffering from cardiac disorders, including atrial fibrillation, prone to the formation of blood clots;
diabetes mellitus (increases the likelihood of the disease by 3-5 times, which is associated with disabilities of the thyroid, the development of atherosclerosis;
high levels of "bad" cholesterol, low density lipids, which causes the development of atherosclerosis, increasing the likelihood of hemorrhage;
alcohol abuse, smoking increases the risk of vascular pathologies, the appearance of blood clots, atherosclerosis of the carotid artery.
To avoid a stroke, in many cases it is enough to exclude such controlled factors or to minimize their negative effects. For example, you should stop smoking, malnutrition and alcohol. The risk of stroke can be reduced. It is necessary to control weight, to engage in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes. It is recommended to exclude mental, emotional stress, stress, overwork. It is necessary to be more outdoors, begin to engage in therapeutic exercises, more time to walk.

If the pathology has already been diagnosed, it is necessary to immediately begin therapy to combat the problem. Various methods are used for this, including such as the use of stem cell preparations. This restores damaged brain tissue, but only a doctor determines the possibility of such treatment. In some cases, surgical intervention is recommended for getting rid of a stroke. Blood clots are quickly removed from the vessels, which reduces the level of intracranial pressure, and reduces the total pressure. But surgery is not always possible, such methods of control are contraindicated for patients aged 70 years, in the presence of cancer, diabetes, renal failure.

Various types of drugs are prescribed for therapy, but in addition to medicines, traditional methods can be recommended. They are additional, allowing to support the work of vessels. Such methods include drinking decoctions of pine cones, the use of herbal tinctures. This allows you to activate the restoration of tissues in the brain, normalize blood pressure, strengthen the vascular walls and prevent stroke. But such measures cannot completely replace medical measures, elimination of the pathology during a stroke should be complex.

But the most effective method remains surgery and regular observation by a doctor. It is possible to get rid of a stroke, if checked by a doctor with a specified frequency, be examined. The frequency of visits during a stroke and the need for consultation with adjacent physicians are determined only by the attending physician, he also directs the patient to perform such studies:

ECG for detection of stroke, heart disease;
complete blood count to determine the risk of blood clots;
blood biochemistry for analysis of lipid profile, glucose levels, "bad cholesterol".
A coagulogram , daily pressure monitoring, determination of the level of blood clotting, and consultation with an ophthalmologist are prescribed. Examination of the fundus allows you to identify hypertensive angiopathy and stroke at an early stage. Such a study plays a large role in the case when the patient does not control blood pressure. Also this symptom is important if there is no hypertension, that is, the patient did not notice the presence of increased pressure.

Stroke prevention is a comprehensive measure. According to the results of research, the observing specialist will prescribe medication, will give recommendations on nutrition and physical activity. If necessary, surgical intervention will be performed to reduce intracranial pressure, remove blood clots, which are the cause of complications. Detection of the problem allows you to start prevention in time, prevent hemorrhage and maintain health.

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